Mariana (1851) was painted by Sir John Everett Millais. The painting is based on the story of the solitary Mariana from William Shakespeare's play Measure for Measure:
"There, at the moated grange, resides this dejected Mariana."
Act III, Sc. I
The oil on wood painting utilises the palette of gaudy new colours available to the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood. The main visual clue in the painting is the pose of the model in a vivid blue dress. The sense is waiting for something to happen, or for someone to arrive. The clear panels of the window looking out on to greenery provide a light source for the composition. The painted stained glass in the window is based upon medieval glass found in Merton College Chapel, Oxford. The shield has the floral motif of a single snowdrop. The snowdrop is the birthday flower of St. Agnes's Eve. The mouse is the one found at the end of the poem "Mariana" by Lord Alfred Tennyson.